The reserve operates with 51 staff members. The structure of the agency includes a scientific department, protection and conservation of the reserve and the sector of environmental education and tourism.
The Danube Biosphere Reserve was established in order to preserve the natural state of the most typical and unique natural complexes in the delta of the Danube River, wetlands of international importance, and other valuable natural complexes in the Ukrainian Danube, the background of the environmental monitoring study of the environment and its changes under the influence of natural and human factors, international cooperation, environmental education and the environmentally balanced nature.
The main objectives of the reserve are:
- Fundamental and applied research in the field of environmental protection and nature conservation;
- Development and implementation of the strategy and tactics of natural systems, ecologically balanced use of natural resources based on the existing traditions of nature and based on relevant agreements of natural resources, and the development of reserve status on the basis of scientific data;
- Implementation of environmental education, environmental advocacy to raise public awareness of the DBR and conservation of the region;
- The study of changes in natural systems due to human activity and the introduction of measures that impede their anthropogenic transformation;
- Ensuring the development of international cooperation in the framework of the UNESCO "Man and Biosphere".
Scientists of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve are monitoring changes throughout the Kilia Danube Delta and in particular its coast. They are studying the current state of flora, avifauna, teriofauna, ichthyofauna, hydrofauna, herpeto and batrahofauny. They Monitor the climate as well as hydrological indicators and analyze the Danube water. All of this information has been recorded and archived since 1981.